The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, generally known as the Right to Education Act safeguards the right of every individual to receive full-time formal education regardless of any barrier. Article 21(A), which corresponds to the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2009, was inserted in the Constitution of India by the 86th Constitutional Amendment of the Indian Constitution. Here in this article, you will learn more about the RTE School Admission, RTE Schools List, RTE Free Education Admission Criteria, etc..
RTE Act passed by the Parliament ensures that education is a fundamental right of every Indian citizen who is between the age of 6 and 14.
More about RTE School ACT
Under Article 45, every child upto the age of fourteen has a right to free and compulsory education. This article formed a part of the Indian Constitution when it was passed in 1949; however, there was no legislation to back it up at that time.
In 2002, the 86th Constitutional Amendment made free and compulsory education a Fundamental Right. This became law on 26th August 2009, after receiving the green light from the President of India, and finally came into effect on 1 April 2010.
RTE Free Education
The Act came into existence to ensure that every child who is a citizen of India receives a free quality education regardless of his/her economic and social background. It also includes children who dropped out of school for various reasons. Education empowers an individual to think, question and see beyond the obvious.
The RTE Act allows a person to be rational and helps people fulfil their dreams by providing different career options and broadening their perspective in various fields. To implement these visions, the government of India took up the responsibility of providing children between the age of 6 to 14 with elementary education and thereby, the Right To Education Act came into practice.
- It enforces Elementary School education as a Fundamental Right in Article 21.
- It includes a provision where a child not admitted to any formal education can be admitted to an age-appropriate class and provided proper assistance to catch up with the curriculum in case he/she lag.
- It specifies the duties between the state and central government in sharing the financial and other responsibilities.
- It includes norms and standards relating to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), school working days, buildings and infrastructures and working hours for teachers, which are needed to maintain the effectiveness of the Act. Schools that are found to be violating these norms will have to face the consequences.
- Every teacher must possess the required educational qualification. The Norms and standards for teacher qualification and training are included in the Act.
- Every school must maintain the teacher-pupil ratio as specified by the law.
- It prohibits punishments and harassment in any form, on students.
- The Act prohibits any form of screening or personality test of children or parents, private tuition by teachers and functioning of schools without recognition.
- All schools except unaided private schools should maintain school management committees. The members of the committee must be 75% of parents and guardians.
- Section 12(1)(C) of the Act mandates unaided and non-minority schools to reserve 25% seats for the underprivileged children. No seat in this quota can be left vacant, and children occupying these seats will be treated equally as the other children.
- A student admitted to a school under the RTE Act is obliged to receive the concerned school uniform free of cost.
- Teachers should be punctual and must attend school regularly. They should, by any means, complete the curriculum within the stipulated time, assess the ability of each student and provide special attention to any, if needed. Regular parents-teachers meetings should be conducted to appraise the overall development of the students.
- Every school should have at least one specialized teacher each for the subjects- science, mathematics, social science and language.
- Students admitted under the RTE ACT are liable to receive notebooks, textbooks and other stationery items free of cost. No school should charge students to pay for the essentials.
Eligibility for Admission in RTE Schools List
- Children should be in the age group of 6 to 14.
- Should be a domicile of India and must possess the supporting documents. In the case of state-wise application, the student must be a domicile of the state.
- Children from families whose annual income does not exceed 3.5 lakhs.
- Children of migrant workers, children with special needs, children of street workers and orphans.
Admission Procedure Under The RTE Act
- Parents who prefer to avail admission for their students under the RTE Act are required to visit the official website and log into the government portal.
- The RTE Admission Registration Form can be downloaded from the portal and must be filled with correct details. It should be submitted to the schools of their preference along with the required documents.
Note: A child who wishes to take admission in schools under the RTE Act can apply to a maximum of 5 schools only. If the child fails to get in all five, the government can place him/her in any Government Schools or private schools under the RTE Act.
Screening, And Selection Process For Navodaya And Other State Schools:
Navodaya and other state schools run no screening tests of students seeking admission. However, private schools can conduct screenings for students before the admission process. In such cases, the screening must be conducted under the norms set by the governing body. This is to avoid discrimination amongst the children based on the social backgrounds, religion or caste.
Documents Required For School Admission Under The RTE Act:
- Identity Cards: IDs issued by the government including but not limited to Birth Certificate, Aadhar Card, Passport, which can use as age and address proof.
- Driver’s license, Voter Card, Aadhar Card, Ration Card, Birth Certificate and Passports of parents or guardians.
- Income Certificate from the Revenue Department of India.
- In case the child has special needs, a relevant certificate is needed to support the claim and also to indicate the details of his/her needs. This can be obtained from the Department of Healthcare.
- Caste certificate of the student.
- For children of migrant workers, an affidavit issued by the Labour Department or Department of Education or Department of Women’s and Child Development has to be submitted.
- Photographs and other related details.
- In case a child is an orphan, death certificates of the parents should be produced.
RTE School Admission Selection List
The selection list for admission under RTE Quota is made through the lottery system to bring transparency in the RTE admission, and the results will be published on the official websites of the States.
RTE School List- State wise
Listed below are the links to find the State-wise RTE School list. Visit the link of your state’s Right to Education Portal to find the details of the RTE Schools near your area.
List of RTE Schools in India
Dates for School Admission 2021 under RTE Act:
Application dates for admission to schools under the RTE Act for all states fall between February and May. Check the List of RTE Schools above for more information.
FAQs Related to RTE School List & FREE Education Under RTE Act.
1. How Is The Word CHILD Defined in the RTE Act?
According to the Act, any individual who is between 6 to 14 years of age is a child.
2. When Is The Deadline for RTE School Admission?
Children should be admitted between February to May. If in case, parents and guardians fail to do so, he/she can still seek admission at any later date.
3. How Will a Child Who Got Admission later Cope with The Studies?
If a child got admitted to a school much later than the supposed age, the school must take up the responsibility of providing the child with extra classes or special training sessions, on top of the regular classes. The said extra classes must be conducted within the school premises.
4. Can A Child Above 6 Years Of Age, Who Has Never Been to School Get Admitted In A School Under The RTE Act?
Children between the ages of 6 to 14 have the right to be admitted to an age-appropriate class. Whether he/she went to school before or should not be taken into account and under the Act, schools have no right to refuse admission to such a child.
5. Does The Act Imply That Private Schools Can No Longer Charge Fees?
The Act does not imply that private schools should stop charging fees altogether. However, at least 25% of students in a class must belong to the weaker sections of the society, and they should not be charged any fee.
6. What Are The Other Regulations For RTE Free Education in Private Schools?
- Teachers must acquire and possess the qualifications as laid down by the Government of India, within a period of 5 years.
- Private schools must get recognition within three years. If a school fail to do so, it has to discontinue the functioning, and fines will be imposed on them if a particular school is found to be doing otherwise.
- No school is allowed to take tests or interview children/ parents who are seeking admission.
- Admissions should be based on random selection. The Schools violating this norm will face the consequence of their actions.
- Schools must announce the academic as well as other fees at the beginning of the term. No school must charge fees other than those made known at the beginning of the term.
7. What Will Happen If Government Land Is Unavailable For The Construction Of A Neighborhood School?
Education is now an individual’s fundamental right, and for that schools have become a necessity. To be able to implement the laws of the land, governments must rent accommodation for schools. Governments must also consider acquiring or buying lands.
8. Do the norms and standards of a school apply only to private schools?
No, all schools must adhere to the norms. As per section 19 (1), no school shall be established (by the government), or recognized (private), if it does not fulfil the norms and standards prescribed by the Act.
9. Is Private Tuition Banned For All Teachers?
Teachers working in government or private elementary schools are banned from taking private tuitions as defined by the RTE Act. However, the same does not apply to secondary school teachers, and they are exempted from the category. Nevertheless, there might be other laws and service conditions at the state level that does not allow private tuitions for secondary school teachers.
10. Is School Management Committee A Necessity In All Schools?
According to Section 21 of the Act, all schools- be it government, government-aided or special category schools should have School Management Committees. Private schools are not included in the list as they already have such committees. Under Articles 29 and 30 of the constitution, the School Management Committees must be an advisory and not a statutory body.
11. Who Will Enforce Standards Of Teacher Training?
Under Section 7(6b), the central government will ‘Develop and enforce standards for the training of teachers’.
12. Who Will Prescribe The Curriculum And Evaluation Systems At The State Level?
It is the responsibility of the state governments to appoint academic authorities, to lay down curriculum and evaluation procedures at the state level. These could be SCERTs or other institutions of the state. However, these state curriculums must be prepared according to the common principles of content and process described in Section 29(2).
13. What Are The Consequences For Schools Functioning Without Recognition?
Such a school will be liable to pay a fine of Rs 10,000, as imposed by the Director of Public Instruction. If they pay no heed to the laws of the government and carry on doing the same, they will be fined an amount of Rs 10,000 per day.
14. What About Schools That Have Facilities Below The Standards Specified In The Act?
If the facilities of a school are below the specified standards, a period of 3 years is granted to work on their facilities so that they are at par with the standards stated in the Act. If the schools fail to do so, they are liable to meet the consequences of their failure.
15. What If A Child is Without Parents Or Guardians?
Section 2(K) only defines the parents of a child, and section 10 refers to the duties of parents to ensure the education of their children. However, since under Section 8 (explanation (i)), the ‘Compulsion’ is on the state and not on parents, the government will have to take the responsibility to ensure the education of children who are without parents or guardians.
16. What is the Maximum Income limit for Admission under RTE?
For Admission under RTE category, the maximum income of the family should be below INR 3.5 Lac.
17. What is the Maximum Income limit for Admission under RTE?
For Admission under RTE category, the maximum income of the family should be below INR 3.5 Lac.
Hope this article about the RTE School Admission helped you to get an idea about the school admission under the RTE Category in India. If you have any doubts about the RTE Admission, RTE Application, RTE Free Education, School Admission, RTE School Application, Student Registration, RTE Online School Admission etc, please reach Us through the comment box below, and we will be happy to provide more updates about the RTE Admissions.